Tuesday, 19 May 2015

COMPREHENSION OF A PASSAGE

SAMPLE ANSWERS - COMPREHENSION OF A PASSAGE

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions at the end.
      Space travel is by far the most expensive type of exploration ever undertaken by man. The vast expenditure of money and human effort now being devoted to projects of putting man into space might well be applied to ends more practically useful and more conducive to human happiness. It is a strange world in which tens of millions of pounds are spent to give one man a ride round the earth at thousands of miles an hour, while beneath him in his orbit live millions for whom life is a daily struggle to win a few coins to buy their bread and butter. The money and effort that go into the development and construction of a single type of space-rocket would more than suffice to rid several countries of such scourge as malaria or typhoid fever, to name only two of diseases that medical science has conquered but which still persist in the world simply because not enough money and effort are devoted to their eradication. Why should the richer countries of the world be pouring their resources into space when poverty and disease on the earth are crying out for relief? One could give a cynical answer to this question and assert that man's expensive adventures into space are merely the by-products of the struggle between great powers for prestige and possible military advantage.
QUESTIONS
(i) Why is it a strange world?
(ii) Why do malaria  and typhoid still exist in the world?
(iii) Why is man pouring his resources into space?
(vi) Make a precis of the passage and give a suitable title to it.
ANSWERS
(i) It is a strange world because it does not do what it should do. It is wasting a lot of money and effort on space exploration while millions of people on the earth are starving due to lack of money and concern.
(ii) Malaria and typhoid still exist in the world because
(a) Scientists put more efforts on space exploration than on these disease.
(b) The money needed to eradicate these diseases is wasted on space exploration.
(iii) Man is pouring his resources into space because
(a) He wants to gain prestige or good reputation in the world.
(b) He hopes to get possible military and strategic advantages against others.
(iv) Precis with Suitable Title


Advantages and Disadvantages of Space Exploration
 
    Space travel is the most expensive type of exploration. It is a strange world. It is wasting a lot of money and effort on space exploration while millions of people on the earth are starving due to lack of money and concern. Poverty and diseases still exist in the world because the efforts and money needed to eradicate them is wasted on space exploration. Except prestige and military advantage, there is no other benefit of space exploration. (words: 77)
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions at the end.
      Very few students have really any clear idea of what science mean. The teaching of science in schools tend to obscure the meaning of science. When pupils at school work for a pass in science subject, they regard it their main business to learn a large number of facts and a smaller number of principles and theories. Now all this is good in its way. A scientist must have a certain number of facts, principles and theories at his finger tips. But science would cease to be science if scientists merely worked from fixed sets of facts and theories. The essence of science is the gathering of new facts and the establishment of new theories. Science has advanced rapidly in recent history because scientists have been greedy for new knowledge, and because they have been so ready to disbelieve in text books of their youth. It is, therefore, most important to give our young students of science an awareness of skepticism and open-mindedness that is part of the very soul of science. Let them not think that any branch of science is a subject that one can sit down and learn. Let them realize that science is essentially a creative activity.
QUESTIONS
(i) When does science cease to be science?
(ii) What are the two causes of the advancement of science?
(iii) What should we teach to our students of science?
(iv) Make a precis of the passage and give a suitable title to it.
ANSWERS
(i) Science ceases to be science when
(a) Pupils work for a pass in a science subject
(b) They learn a large number of facts and smaller number of principles and theories.
(ii) The two major causes of the advancement of science are;
(a) Scientists have been greedy for new knowledge.
(b) They have been so ready to disbelieve in text books of their youth.
(iii) We should teach two major things to our students of science.
(a) Awareness of skepticism
(b) Open-mindedness
(iv) Precis with Suitable Title


Teaching of Science As a Creative Activity

     The essence of science is gathering of new facts and establishment of new theories. Pupils work for a pass in a science subject. They learn a large number of facts and smaller number of principles and theories. The two major causes of the advancement of science are that scientists have been greedy for new knowledge and have been so ready to disbelieve in text books of their youth. We should teach our students an awareness of skepticism and open-mindedness. (Words: 79)

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